François Lanzi artist "The
1916 - 1988
François Lanzi was born in Ajaccio, Corsica on the 5th July 1916. His young childhood was spent in Calvi, a fishing and now tourist village on the west coast. The colours of his paintings often evoke those rich ochre tones which surrounded him during his youth. Typical Mediterranean houses, built with local stone and red-tiled roofs are seen in a number of his paintings; surely happy memories of his early years depicted in those less troubled works.
CNO 005 oil on board unsigned 20 x 16 inches
Little did he know then, despite being born during the 1st Word War, that he would suffer physically and emotionally in the horrors of a war yet to come. How his mind must have been tormented by all the atrocities seen during his capture and imprisonment from 1940. His vain attempts to escape, only led him to being transported from one camp to another, each more vile and inhumane than the one before. His refusal to work for the enemy resulted in his arm being broken. It was considered an act of resistance.During at least one of his attempts to escape, he was pursued by guard dogs and their ferocity made a lasting impression upon him.
CNO 106 "Nature Morte" oil on board signed 24 x 20 inches
Many of his works were completed between 1960 and 1970 when the memories of his captive war years would have still been very much alive. After the war, Francois Lanzi lived in Paris, teaching and exhibiting his work. His love for his childhood island home was ever present and he would return to Calvi whenever it was possible. On one of these occasions he met an English lady (Nora Egremont-Lee) and in 1954 they were married in Kensington registry office. Unable to speak much English (Nora spoke fluent French) he found work as a framer with the company Robert Savage Ltd, on the Old Brompton Road. In addition to this work, which enabled him to frame some of his own paintings, Francois Lanzi exhibited in a number of different galleries in the UK. Some cited in his papers are the Redfern Gallery (1957), the RBA Gallery (1959,1960), the AIA Gallery (1960,1961), the Stone Gallery in Newcastle (1961)
CNO 019 "Compositions", oil on board, signed `60 48 x22 inches
CNO 012 "Head" oil on board signed 20 x 15 inches
CNO 095 "Composition I" collage and oil signed 15 x 13 inches
Despite being well-received by the critics (see Manchester Guardian 24/07/61), he found it difficult to continue the rhythm of his exhibitions after leaving London and moving to Chiddingfold in Surrey. His difficulty communicating in English, his distance from a major cultural centre, severely limited his social contact and he became very isolated in the Surrey countryside. He did not stop working.
CNO 223 "Isles of Scilly" oil on board unsigned 30 x 20 inches
CNO 177 collage oil on board signed `71 29 x 20 inches
CNO 276 collage oil on board signed 24 x 19 inches
The whole character of the artist's work can be attributed, in large part, to no other cause then his almost forced hermit like existence. He lived with his wife on the second floor of a large old Victorian house. At the back, a long room was converted into a a rather dimly-lit studio, where he would often work until late in the night.
CNO 067 "Head" oil on board unsigned 36 x 24 inches
CNO 108 "Head" oil on board signed 25 x 17 inches
CNO 103 collage and oil, signed 24 x 20.5 inches
From time to time, when finances permitted, they would both travel to Francois` beloved Corsica and spend several weeks with friends and relatives. His works from the London and Chiddingfold periods can be classified into several themes. Perhaps simply they could be termed under five headings. The vast majority of his work is abstract, pure imagination, original and spontaneous. He could be classed as being one of the later abstract expressionists.
CNO 073 "Composition Blue" oil on board signed `67 25 x 19 inches
Upon superficial analysis the main themes, which repeat themselves throughout his work, can be described as:
Stained glass creations
Heads, Human-horse-animal like
Landscapes particularly seascapes
CNO 430 "Tete" oil on board signed 8 x 9.5 inches
CNO 107 oil on board unsigned 24 x 17 inches
He uses many different media but in each work he strives to express freely his deepest feelings, often tormented.
CNO 117 construction wood and oil, unsigned 22.5 x 19.75
CNO 434 "Clown" collage signed 14 x 11.5 inches
After exhibiting in Newcastle, Bernard Staniland of the Newcastle Journal wrote " But all the exhibits are pictures in which the artist is talking in his own special language and you may perhaps translate it for yourself: but only by looking. They cannot easily be described in word-language." His language was highly developed, introverted and developed to compensate his almost total lack of other more "normal' everyday forms of communication. Since Bernard Staniland saw his work in 1961, his isolation only increased. His own language developed.
CNO 383 oil on board signed 11 x 8 inches
It is interesting to note that he had a Catholic upbringing and other members of his family were strongly religious and devout Catholics. His sister Clara Lanzi ( http://fr.metapedia.org/wiki/Clara_Lanzi
) was the founding member of "Secours de France" and one of his brothers Léo Preger was a talented composer of church music. His early religious schooling does perhaps explain his compulsion to create the series of Christ-like heads and stained-glass designs.
CNO 396 oil on board signed (on back) 8.5 x 5.5 inches
CNO 060 "Stained-glass Blue" oil on board signed `64 24 x 36 inches
CNO 057B "Abstract Composition" oil on board signed 50 x 40 inches
So many of these images can be seen simply as self-portraits: the head being the all-important, life force of the body. No matter how contorted and distorted the images become, they remain, recognisably, Lanzi.
CNO 088 "Head" oil on board signed 17.75 x 14 inches
CNO 407 oil on card signed on back 8 x 5.5 inches
CNO 153 Plaster relief and oil unsigned 13 x 8.5 inches
CNO 109 "Head" oil on board signed 25 x 17.75 inches
In 1994 Michael Budd of the Gallery in Knaphill gave a posthumous exhibition of François Lanzi`s work. Michael, who had met Francois, coined the phrase "the self-absorbed" to describe so fittingly François Lanzi. On the occasion of this last exhibition, George Melly ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Melly
), well known art critic and musician, wrote "these are not easy pictures but they are important ones. At a time when gimmicks and hype dominate so much of the art world it would be a grave injustice to ignore such intense and convincing manifestations of the human spirit"
CNO 090 "Crepiscule" oil on board signed `66 22 x 15 inches
François Lanzi died in Guildford, Surrey on the 13th November 1988
Created by chris oliver 2009
Special thanks to: Nora Lanzi†, Michael† and Josephine† Budd, Annabelle and William Budd, Brian Champion, Anthony Egremont-Lee, Susan Grayer, Nicole Oliver, Pierre Preger-Lanzi and the Lanzi family, JP Masson, George Melly†, Kate Thomas, The Watts Gallery, and all those without whose help this site would not be possible.